When and how to repot houseplants?

rempotage des plantes

Repotting your houseplants is an essential step for their health and growth. Follow this short guide to know when and how to repot your plants, as well as the care needed after repotting.

When to repot your houseplants?

Signs It's Time to Repot

Houseplants show clear signs when they need repotting. Slowed growth, new leaves that are smaller and especially in fewer numbers, as well as a need for more frequent watering. All of these are signs that it's time to give your plant new space to grow.
Also check the condition of the roots: if they protrude from the drainage hole, are flush with the surface or go around the pot, it is time to repot.
A plant that seems unstable or tips over easily may also be a sign that it is cramped in its current pot.

The best time to repot

Repotting is best done during the plant growth period, which extends from spring to autumn. The months of March and April are ideal for repotting the majority of houseplants , such as Monsteras, Zamioculcas and Pothos. Avoid repotting between November and February, when plants are dormant, as well as during flowering to avoid stressing the plant.
Repotting during the active growth period allows the roots to quickly establish themselves in the new potting mix, reducing any risk of shock to the plant.

How to repot your houseplants?

Preparation and necessary materials

To repot an indoor plant, get a terracotta or plastic pot of a larger size than the previous pot (2 to 4 cm more for a pot less than 30 cm in diameter, 5 to 10 cm more for a pot over 30 cm). Use a soil suitable for your plant , whether it is soil for green, flowering, cactus or succulent plants.
Also prepare a garden knife or pair of scissors to cut away dead or rotten roots, and make sure you have a watering can on hand to water the plant after repotting.

Repotting steps

  1. Carefully remove the plant from its current pot : To do this, hold the base of the stem and pull gently. If the plant resists, lightly tap the sides of the pot to help loosen the root ball.
  2. Clean the roots : Remove remaining soil by gently shaking the root ball, then cut off dead or rotten roots using your knife or scissors. This will stimulate the growth of new healthy roots.
  3. Prepare the new pot : Place a layer of fresh potting soil at the bottom of the new pot. This layer must be sufficient so that the plant is at the same height as in its old pot.
  4. Install the plant : Place the plant in the center of the pot, the roots well spread out, then add potting soil around the root ball up to 2 to 5 cm below the edge of the pot. Make sure the plant is straight and stable.
  5. Lightly pack the soil : To eliminate air bubbles and ensure good contact between the roots and the soil, lightly pack the soil around the plant. This will also help hold the plant in place.
  6. Water generously : After repotting, water the plant generously to help stabilize the potting soil and provide necessary moisture to the roots. Make sure the water drains well through the drainage hole to prevent water from accumulating at the bottom of the pot.
  7. For strong roots after repotting, you can use willow water , diluted in watering water (2 full pipettes for 100ml of water). Willow water stimulates root development and this is the perfect time to give your plants this boost.

Care after repotting

After repotting, it is crucial to monitor your plant to ensure that it is adapting well to its new environment. Keep it out of direct light for a few days to allow it to recover.
Water moderately for the first few weeks. Avoid overwatering, as newly pruned roots are more sensitive and die more easily.

Repotting our houseplants is essential for their health and growth. By choosing the right time and following the right steps, you will have healthy plants with beautiful, robust roots!
Each plant has specific needs, so adapt your care according to the requirements of each. 🌿

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